Thursday, November 6, 2008

Your Nonprofit Library Third Shelf – See What the IRS Demands of Your Tax Exempt Organization After it is Recognized as Tax Exempt

Here are the links for your nonprofit library to all the IRS forms, Publications and other material related to what you have to do after your organization is recognized by the IRS as tax exempt. Make a copy of all the publications and forms or mark them for easy access. Your local IRS office can secure copies for you without cost.

You will find here annual forms that must be filed, how to report contributions, issues over donations of motor vehicles, employment taxes, auctions, political lobbying, postal regulations and other resources. This completes the third shelf.

The single most change for reporting is the new Form 990. You should know this cold. Now!

Annual Filing to the IRS on Forms 990

Independent Sector’s article Revised Form 990, Accountability and Oversight -

Instructions for the New 2008 990s -,,id=186015,00.html

Forms 990 or 990-EZ and Schedules A and B

990-EZ -

Instructions for Schedule A -

Instructions for Form 990 and Form 990-EZ (2007)

e-Filing for Charities and Nonprofits, Form 990 (Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax), Form 990-EZ (Short Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax) and Form 990-PF (Return of Private Foundation) -,,id=108211,00.html

E- Postcard Form 990-N New Annual Electronic Filing Requirement for Small Tax Exempt Organizations -,,id=169250,00.html

E-Postcard: Questions and Answers -,,id=173864,00.html

Pension Protection Act of 2006 Revises Exempt Organizations Tax Rules -,,id=161145,00.html

IRS Complaint Process For Tax Exempt Organizations -,,id=178241,00.html

Contributions from Taxpayers to Tax Exempt Organizations

IRS Publication 1771, Charitable Contributions - Substantiation and Disclosure Requirements,,id=96102,00.html and

Publication 526 is information for the taxpayer who makes charitable contributions -

Motor Vehicles and Other Donations to a Tax Exempt Organization

New Publications Focus on Car Donations -,,id=124421,00.html

Form 4302, A Charity’s Guide to Motor Vehicle Donations

Form 4303, A Donor’s Guide to Motor Vehicle Donations

IRS Rules About Making a Motor Vehicle Donation -,,id=131660,00.html

Internal Revenue Bulletin 2007 – 40, Information Reporting by Organizations That Receive Charitable Contributions of Certain Motor Vehicles, Boats, and Airplanes -

Exempt Organizations Abusive Tax Avoidance Transactions -,,id=128722,00.html

IRS Testimony: Charitable Giving Problems and Best Practices -,,id=124186,00.html

Independent Sector’s Comments about car donations -


In addition to any state laws, see the material published by the IRS, Gaming Publication for Tax Exempt Organizations -

Topic 419 - Gambling Income and Expenses

Instructions for Form 990 and 990-EZ (2007)

Employment Taxes and Other Employer Instructions for Tax Exempt Organizations

Links to IRS articles concerning Employment Taxes for Exempt Organizations -,,id=128716,00.html

2008 Form 15, Circular E Employer's Tax Guide (revised annually) -

2008 Form 15–A Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide (revised annually) -

2008 Form 15-B Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide on the employment tax treatment of fringe benefits -

2008 Form 941 Employer’s Quarterly Federal Tax Return 941 Form (Rev. January 2008) -

2008 Instructions for Form 941 -

Publication 78, Cumulative List of Tax Exempt Organizations described in Section 170(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, a search for charities -,,id=96136,00.html

2008 Publication 509 (changes annually), Tax Calendars for 2008 -

Publication 598 - Form to Declare Unrelated Business Income of a Tax Exempt Organization (NOTE: Tax Exempt organizations should be very aware of this Publication and its implications for Exempt status)-

Disclosure of Unrelated Business Income Tax Returns - The IRS has provided interim guidance (Notice 2007-45) on the requirement for 501(c)(3) organizations to make available for public inspection a copy of their unrelated business income tax (UBIT) returns (Form 990-T). The disclosure procedures are generally the same as those required for disclosure of an organization's Form 990. Some organizations not subject to other public disclosure requirements, such as churches, are required to disclose a Form 990-T; see Publication 598 immediately above -

Intermediate Sanctions, Excise Tax on Excess Benefit Transactions (NOTE: Tax Exempt organizations should be very aware of this Publication and its implications for Exempt status. The purpose of this is to impose sanctions on the influential persons in charities and social welfare organizations who receive excessive economic benefits from the organization, rather than to punish the exempt organization itself.) -,,id=123298,00.html and

Political Activity and Lobbying

IRS Reminds Charities and Churches of Political Activity Ban -,,id=175825,00.html

Political Activities - Particularly important given the election season, the IRS released a revenue ruling (Rev. Rul. 2007-41) regarding what political activities are prohibited for tax-exempt organizations. To illustrate, the revenue ruling describes 21 situations and discusses which are permissible and which are not.

Political Activities Compliance Initiative (2008 Election),,id=181565,00.html

On February 3, 2009 the Chronicle of Philanthropy reported on an IRS vs Church-audit case involving alleged lobbying and candidate support. The article says in part:

Court Rules Against IRS in Church-Audit Case, By Grant Williams

The Internal Revenue Service has suffered another setback in its effort to pursue an audit of a church in Minnesota in a case that has ramifications for the tax agency and churches nationwide.
A U.S. District Court judge in Minneapolis ruled that the Living Word Christian Center, in Brooklyn Park, Minn., does not have to comply with an IRS summons for information because the summons was not authorized by a government official of sufficient rank.

The ruling by Judge Ann D. Montgomery concurs with a decision in December by U.S. Magistrate Judge Jeffrey J. Keyes.

Some tax-law experts have said that the IRS’s defeat could spur challenges to audits by other churches and force the IRS to engage in a lengthy, formal rule-making process to determine who has the authority to order an investigation into a church’s finances.

The IRS began to investigate Living Word in April 2007, following reports that the Rev. Mac Hammond had endorsed U.S. Rep. Michele Bachmann, a Minnesota Republican, from the pulpit—an act that would violate charity tax laws.


Faith leaders and other nonprofit leaders may want to monitor this over the next several years. It could take that long.

IRS Miscellaneous Material

IRS Field Memoranda -,,id=96374,00.html

IRS Published Guidance and Bulletins -,,id=125361,00.html

IRS Revenue Rulings - and

IRS Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) -,,id=96986,00.html

ABC's for Exempt Organization,,id=187787,00.html

United States Postal Service and Tax Exempt Organizations

United States Postal Service Publication 417, Nonprofit Standard Mail Eligibility; Explains and discusses eligibility for Nonprofit Standard Mail rates, application procedure, and mailing requirements - and

Other Resources

The Center for Non-profits of New Jersey has a booklet about Thinking of Forming a Non-Profit? What to Consider before You Begin:

See the Forming a Nonprofit Organization: A Checklist for incorporating at BoardSource,

Foundation Center Establishing a Nonprofit Organization - What are the characteristics that define an effective Nonprofit Organization? -

American Institute of Certified Public Accountants Understanding the Responsibilities of a Not-For-Profit Board Member [Download]

American Institute of Certified Public Accountants How Fraud Hurts You and Your Organization

American Institute of Certified Public Accountants The AICPA Audit Committee Toolkit: Not-for-Profit Organizations

Six Things Every Board Member Should Know About the NEW 990

Planned Giving Design Center Tax Consideration in Charitable Auctions

Previous Related Blog Articles

Your Nonprofit Library Third Shelf – Getting the U.S. IRS to Recognize Your Nonprofit as Tax Exempt

The Role and Non-Role of Nonprofits and Churches in Elections – Your Nonprofit Library Third Shelf

IRS Makes Filing For Nonprofit Tax Exemption Easier, Sort Of

Effect of IRS Ruling Eliminating Advanced Rulings On Form 1023

IRS Rules on the Phase-in for Nonprofit Organizations to File the New 990 Series Forms

Fiscal Sponsorship or Agent: A Yellow Light

There are other articles here on incorporating a nonprofit. You are invited to add to this list.

Thank you.

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