Here are the links for your nonprofit library to all the IRS forms, Publications and other material related to what you have to do after your organization is recognized by the IRS as tax exempt. Make a copy of all the publications and forms or mark them for easy access. Your local IRS office can secure copies for you without cost.
You will find here annual forms that must be filed, how to report contributions, issues over donations of motor vehicles, employment taxes, auctions, political lobbying, postal regulations and other resources. This completes the third shelf.
The single most change for reporting is the new Form 990. You should know this cold. Now!
Annual Filing to the IRS on Forms 990
Independent Sector’s article Revised Form 990, Accountability and Oversight - http://www.independentsector.org/programs/gr/draft_form_990.htm
Instructions for the New 2008 990s - http://www.irs.gov/irs/article/0,,id=186015,00.html
Forms 990 or 990-EZ and Schedules A and B – http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/f990.pdf
990-EZ - http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/f990ez.pdf
Instructions for Schedule A - http://www.irs.gov/instructions/i990sa/ch01.html
Instructions for Form 990 and Form 990-EZ (2007) –
e-Filing for Charities and Nonprofits, Form 990 (Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax), Form 990-EZ (Short Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax) and Form 990-PF (Return of Private Foundation) -
E- Postcard Form 990-N New Annual Electronic Filing Requirement for Small Tax Exempt Organizations - http://www.irs.gov/charities/article/0,,id=169250,00.html
E-Postcard: Questions and Answers - http://www.irs.gov/charities/article/0,,id=173864,00.html
Pension Protection Act of 2006 Revises Exempt Organizations Tax Rules - http://www.irs.gov/charities/article/0,,id=161145,00.html
IRS Complaint Process For Tax Exempt Organizations - http://www.irs.gov/irs/article/0,,id=178241,00.html
Contributions from Taxpayers to Tax Exempt Organizations
IRS Publication 1771, Charitable Contributions - Substantiation and Disclosure Requirements – http://www.irs.gov/charities/article/0,,id=96102,00.html and http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p1771.pdf
Publication 526 is information for the taxpayer who makes charitable contributions - http://www.irs.gov/publications/p526/index.html
Motor Vehicles and Other Donations to a Tax Exempt Organization
New Publications Focus on Car Donations - http://www.irs.gov/newsroom/article/0,,id=124421,00.html
Form 4302, A Charity’s Guide to Motor Vehicle Donations –
Form 4303, A Donor’s Guide to Motor Vehicle Donations –
IRS Rules About Making a Motor Vehicle Donation - http://www.irs.gov/newsroom/article/0,,id=131660,00.html
Internal Revenue Bulletin 2007 – 40, Information Reporting by Organizations That Receive Charitable Contributions of Certain Motor Vehicles, Boats, and Airplanes - http://www.irs.gov/irb/2007-40_IRB/ar09.html
Exempt Organizations Abusive Tax Avoidance Transactions - http://www.irs.gov/charities/article/0,,id=128722,00.html
IRS Testimony: Charitable Giving Problems and Best Practices - http://www.irs.gov/newsroom/article/0,,id=124186,00.html
Independent Sector’s Comments about car donations - http://www.independentsector.org/programs/gr/vehicledonations.htm
In addition to any state laws, see the material published by the IRS, Gaming Publication for Tax Exempt Organizations -
Topic 419 - Gambling Income and Expenses
Instructions for Form 990 and 990-EZ (2007)
Employment Taxes and Other Employer Instructions for Tax Exempt Organizations
Links to IRS articles concerning Employment Taxes for Exempt Organizations - http://www.irs.gov/charities/article/0,,id=128716,00.html
2008 Form 15, Circular E Employer's Tax Guide (revised annually) - http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p15.pdf
2008 Form 15–A Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide (revised annually) - http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p15a.pdf
2008 Form 15-B Employer's Supplemental Tax Guide on the employment tax treatment of fringe benefits - http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p15b.pdf
2008 Form 941 Employer’s Quarterly Federal Tax Return 941 Form (Rev. January 2008) - http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/f941.pdf
2008 Instructions for Form 941 - http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/i941.pdf
Publication 78, Cumulative List of Tax Exempt Organizations described in Section 170(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, a search for charities - http://www.irs.gov/charities/article/0,,id=96136,00.html
2008 Publication 509 (changes annually), Tax Calendars for 2008 - http://www.irs.gov/publications/p509/index.html
Publication 598 - Form to Declare Unrelated Business Income of a Tax Exempt Organization (NOTE: Tax Exempt organizations should be very aware of this Publication and its implications for Exempt status)- http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p598.pdf
Disclosure of Unrelated Business Income Tax Returns - The IRS has provided interim guidance (Notice 2007-45) on the requirement for 501(c)(3) organizations to make available for public inspection a copy of their unrelated business income tax (UBIT) returns (Form 990-T). The disclosure procedures are generally the same as those required for disclosure of an organization's Form 990. Some organizations not subject to other public disclosure requirements, such as churches, are required to disclose a Form 990-T; see Publication 598 immediately above - http://www.irs.gov/irb/2007-22_IRB/ar12.html
Intermediate Sanctions, Excise Tax on Excess Benefit Transactions (NOTE: Tax Exempt organizations should be very aware of this Publication and its implications for Exempt status. The purpose of this is to impose sanctions on the influential persons in charities and social welfare organizations who receive excessive economic benefits from the organization, rather than to punish the exempt organization itself.) - http://www.irs.gov/charities/charitable/article/0,,id=123298,00.html and http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-tege/eotopice03.pdf
Political Activity and Lobbying
IRS Reminds Charities and Churches of Political Activity Ban - http://www.irs.gov/charities/charitable/article/0,,id=175825,00.html
Political Activities - Particularly important given the election season, the IRS released a revenue ruling (Rev. Rul. 2007-41) regarding what political activities are prohibited for tax-exempt organizations. To illustrate, the revenue ruling describes 21 situations and discusses which are permissible and which are not. http://www.irs.gov/irb/2007-25_IRB/ar09.html
Political Activities Compliance Initiative (2008 Election) http://www.irs.gov/charities/charitable/article/0,,id=181565,00.html
On February 3, 2009 the Chronicle of Philanthropy reported on an IRS vs Church-audit case involving alleged lobbying and candidate support. The article says in part:
Court Rules Against IRS in Church-Audit Case, By Grant Williams
The Internal Revenue Service has suffered another setback in its effort to pursue an audit of a church in Minnesota in a case that has ramifications for the tax agency and churches nationwide.
A U.S. District Court judge in Minneapolis ruled that the Living Word Christian Center, in Brooklyn Park, Minn., does not have to comply with an IRS summons for information because the summons was not authorized by a government official of sufficient rank.
The ruling by Judge Ann D. Montgomery concurs with a decision in December by U.S. Magistrate Judge Jeffrey J. Keyes.
Some tax-law experts have said that the IRS’s defeat could spur challenges to audits by other churches and force the IRS to engage in a lengthy, formal rule-making process to determine who has the authority to order an investigation into a church’s finances.
The IRS began to investigate Living Word in April 2007, following reports that the Rev. Mac Hammond had endorsed U.S. Rep. Michele Bachmann, a Minnesota Republican, from the pulpit—an act that would violate charity tax laws.
Faith leaders and other nonprofit leaders may want to monitor this over the next several years. It could take that long.
IRS Miscellaneous Material
IRS Field Memoranda - http://www.irs.gov/charities/article/0,,id=96374,00.html
IRS Published Guidance and Bulletins - http://www.irs.gov/charities/content/0,,id=125361,00.html
IRS Revenue Rulings - http://www.taxlinks.com/rulings/findinglist/revrulmaster.htm and http://www.irs.gov/irm/part7/index.html
IRS Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) - http://www.irs.gov/charities/content/0,,id=96986,00.html
ABC's for Exempt Organization
United States Postal Service and Tax Exempt Organizations
United States Postal Service Publication 417, Nonprofit Standard Mail Eligibility; Explains and discusses eligibility for Nonprofit Standard Mail rates, application procedure, and mailing requirements - http://pe.usps.gov/text/pub417/welcome.htm and
The Center for Non-profits of New Jersey has a booklet about Thinking of Forming a Non-Profit? What to Consider before You Begin: http://www.njnonprofits.org/ThinkingOfFormingDesc.html
See the Forming a Nonprofit Organization: A Checklist for incorporating at BoardSource, http://www.boardsource.org/Knowledge.asp?ID=3.367
Foundation Center Establishing a Nonprofit Organization - What are the characteristics that define an effective Nonprofit Organization? - http://foundationcenter.org/getstarted/tutorials/establish/
American Institute of Certified Public Accountants Understanding the Responsibilities of a Not-For-Profit Board Member [Download]
American Institute of Certified Public Accountants How Fraud Hurts You and Your Organization http://www.cpa2biz.com/AST/Main/CPA2BIZ_Primary/FraudDetectionandPrevention/PRDOVR~PC-056513HS/PC-056513HS.jsp
American Institute of Certified Public Accountants The AICPA Audit Committee Toolkit: Not-for-Profit Organizations http://www.aicpa.org/Audcommctr/toolkitsnpo/homepage.htm
Six Things Every Board Member Should Know About the NEW 990 http://www.blueavocado.org/node/269
Planned Giving Design Center Tax Consideration in Charitable Auctions http://www.pgdc.com/pgdc/tax-considerations-charitable-auctions
Previous Related Blog Articles
Your Nonprofit Library Third Shelf – Getting the U.S. IRS to Recognize Your Nonprofit as Tax Exempt
The Role and Non-Role of Nonprofits and Churches in Elections – Your Nonprofit Library Third Shelf
IRS Makes Filing For Nonprofit Tax Exemption Easier, Sort Of
Effect of IRS Ruling Eliminating Advanced Rulings On Form 1023
IRS Rules on the Phase-in for Nonprofit Organizations to File the New 990 Series Forms
Fiscal Sponsorship or Agent: A Yellow Light
There are other articles here on incorporating a nonprofit. You are invited to add to this list.
Annual M&R Benchmarks Study Released
5 hours ago